Do you have a perfect face? Itâs all in the maths
16 September 2016
Do you have a perfect face? It’s all in the maths
A so-called perfect face, the expected result of cosmetic surgery. The lines show the perfect proportions of the human face.]
We can all recognise a beautiful face – whether it’s that of your favourite celebrity or the girl next door. The question is what makes some people more beautiful than others? Well according to Cosmetic Surgeons, it’s all down to mathematics and one ancient formula in particular.
Phi is said to be the ‘golden ratio’ for the perfect face, with Cosmetic Surgeons using it as a guide when patients request facial procedures. Discovered by the ancient Greeks around 2,500 years ago, the Phi ratio is 1: 1.618 – and it’s all to do with how ‘in-proportion’ your facial features are.
It’s thought that this may be the reason why as a society we consider high cheekbones, full lips, small noses and good skin attractive facial features for women. By subconsciously judging a person’s beauty by the proportion and symmetry of their face, we’re automatically using Phi.
According to one Cosmetic Surgeon, “the ideal ratio of the top of the head to the chin versus the width of the head should be 1.618”.
Other examples where Phi is used to judge a person’s beauty include comparing the width of the lips to the base of the nose, the distance from outer eye to outer eye compared to the width of the lips, and the distance from the centre of the lips to the top of the nose. And you guessed it, they should all measure 1.618 or as close to that as possible.
So how do Cosmetic Surgeons use this ratio? Some have created Phi masks which outline the ‘perfect’ proportions for all of a person’s facial features. This is then used as a template to measure how close to the ideal ratio that patient’s features are. If they’re looking for a particular procedure such as Rhinoplasty (Nose Job), the ideal ratio will be marked out on the patient’s face so the Cosmetic Surgeon can assess how much they need to change the nose to achieve ‘perfection’.
Phi can also assist Cosmetic Surgeons with what not to do. As one commented: “The ideal ratio of upper to lower lip volume is 1:1.6. That’s why when treating the lips, the lower lip should have slightly more volume than the upper lip. If upper and lower lip are made the same, it looks strange and unnatural.”
Unfortunately, our faces may not always look ‘perfect’. As we age our skin loses elasticity and can start to sag. Loss of volume around the cheeks and jawline is common too, all of which have an effect on Phi and alter our former facial ratio. Even a few millimetres can make a difference in overall attractiveness.
Experts can use Dermal Fillers and Botox to make subtle alterations of the patient’s facial proportions.
One Aesthetic Practitioner commented: “Restoring proportions closer to the youthful ideal may have the potential both to improve attractiveness in younger women and rejuvenate older faces.”
Reputable Cosmetic Surgeons are keen to point out though that while this mathematical formula may well help people to become more attractive, it’s not something which should be relied on too heavily. Patients should receive recommendations tailored specifically to them as an individual. Making small changes surgically or through Non Surgical treatments is not about looking for perfect results but more about making a patient look the best version of themselves.
What are your favourite facial features and how do they measure up to the Phi ratio? Send us a tweet with your thoughts.
Image credit: 4634093993/ Shutterstock.com