01 July 2009New research has revealed that men and women who fear "appearance-based rejection" are more likely to express an interest in cosmetic surgery. The study, which appears in the June issue of Body Image, focused on the role of appearance-based rejection sensitively - meaning the tendency of certain people to expect rejection based on one's appearance, rather than other factors.It surveyed 133 American college students, each of whom was asked to write an essay about a negative or positive comment made about their appearance in the past. Those with higher appearance-based rejection sensitivity expressed a preference to go under the knife after recalling a negative comment. This was still the case when other variables - including overall self-esteem and self-perceived attractiveness - were accounted for. According to the study's results, negative appearance comments recalled were usually made in reference to body weight, shape or size, while positive comments usually referred to a person's overall appearance. The research was conducted by Lora E. Park, assistance professor of psychology at the University at Buffalo, Rachel M. Calogero from the University of Kent, and Melissa J. Harwin and Ann Marie DiRaddo, former graduate students at the UB Department of Psychology. Ms Park said: "The results of this study suggest that individuals who anxiously expect rejection based on their appearance are vulnerable to the effects of negative comments about their appearance. "Sensitivity to appearance rejection may therefore be a key psychological variable to consider when examining responses to teasing related to appearance, especially with regard to feeling rejected and expressing interest in cosmetic surgery." In the past, many cosmetic surgeons have commented on the confidence boosting effects of several popular cosmetic surgery operations, including breast enlargements, breast reductions, nose reshaping surgery and ear reshaping surgery.