Ways to repair skin after sun damage

57280023As much as you do to protect yourself from the sun, sometimes it is difficult to avoid getting burnt. Cancer is the most serious consequence of excess sunbathing, but it's not the only one. Repeated exposure to the sun and its ultraviolet rays can cause skin to lose the ability to repair itself. This results in more fine lines, wrinkles and sun spots.The good news is you can take steps to repair your skin after you have been outside on a hot summer’s day. In certain cases it is even possible to reverse damage – but you should still make sure you always apply sunscreen beforehand. The first thing you should do after a day in the heat is exfoliate. As well as removing dead skin and reducing fine lines, it helps detoxify, brighten and smooth. Moisturisers and anti-aging serums will also work better afterwards. Loofahs, scrubs or alphahydroxy acid cleansers do the job at home; you can also ask your dermatologist about microdermabrasion. Remember that exfoliating will make the skin even more vulnerable to the sun, so take precautions before heading back outside. Making sure your diet includes enough vitamin A, E and C is also very important – when these are in skin products they become even more helpful. Get your antioxidants in green leafy vegetables, tomatoes, carrots, blueberries, beans, fatty fish and nuts. Vitamin A derivatives help reduce fine lines, age spots and rough skin, while vitamin C is vital for collagen and elastin, a fibre that supports skin structure. Vitamin E protects cell membranes.