Sclerotherapy, also known as thread vein removal, is a procedure used to treat visible or malformed blood vessels. It is often used for the treatment of thread veins, spider veins or varicose veins. Sclerotheraphy is predominantly administered to the face and legs.
Sclerotherapy refers to the injection of a sclerosing solution into veins; this chemical is a mild irritant that over a course of treatment kills the vein. This means that the vein will ultimately disappear completely as the body naturally absorbs the treated vein, leaving smoother and less blemished skin.
When used for treating thread veins, a very fine needle injects a solution into the vein, which causes it to perish and, over a course a treatments, disappear completely. A sclerotherpay treatment session takes around an hour to complete and a course of between one and four is recommended (dependant on the number of veins to be treated).
However, while sclerotherapy removes thread veins completely, it can't stop the formation of new thread veins elsewhere, so people sometimes return for further treatments at a later date.
While there are occasional side effects associated with sclerotherphy, including inflammation or itching, these are typically short-lived and minor.
Recovery following sclerotherapy
Patients are able to return to their daily routine immediately after undergoing a sclerotherapy treatment. They are encouraged to walk and go about daily tasks. Support wraps or compression garments are also often employed to compress the treated vessels following sclerotherapy.
Alternative treatments for thread vein removal include laser and IPL (intense pulse light) treatments. While Sclerotherpahy is a relatively common and simple surgery, it is important that patients choose registered clinics.